EDR Insider Trading

Insider Ownership Percentage: 82.08%
Insider Buying (Last 12 Months): $146,240,759.70
Insider Selling (Last 12 Months): $35,886,282.72

Endeavor Group Insider Trading History Chart

This chart shows the insider buying and selling history at Endeavor Group by year and by quarter.

Skip ChartChart Data in Insider Trading History Table

Endeavor Group Share Price & Price History

Current Price: $26.50
Price Change: Price Increase of +0.06 (0.23%)
As of 04/19/2024 01:00 AM ET

This chart shows the closing price history over time for EDR up to the past year.

Skip Chart and Table DataPrice Data in Insider Trading History Table
Days: 30 | 90 | 365

Endeavor Group Insider Trading History

Transaction DateInsider NameTitleBuy/SellNumber of SharesAverage Share PriceTotal TransactionShares Held After TransactionDetails
4/9/2024Jason LublinCFOSell20,832$26.52$552,464.64130,187View SEC Filing Icon  
4/9/2024Patrick WhitesellMajor ShareholderBuy1,642,970$89.01$146,240,759.701,642,970View SEC Filing Icon  
3/12/2024Jason LublinCFOSell20,832$24.71$514,758.72130,187View SEC Filing Icon  
2/22/2024Jason LublinCFOSell46,419$24.08$1,117,769.52112,457View SEC Filing Icon  
2/22/2024Mark S. ShapiroInsiderSell70,600$24.08$1,700,048.0081,460View SEC Filing Icon  
2/22/2024Seth D. KraussCAOSell17,950$24.08$432,236.0062,055View SEC Filing Icon  
1/23/2024Jason LublinCFOSell20,832$25.47$530,591.0455,705View SEC Filing Icon  
1/18/2024William K. FullertonCAOSell1,148$23.22$26,656.5682,394View SEC Filing Icon  
1/2/2024William K. FullertonCAOSell8,407$23.37$196,471.5981,094View SEC Filing Icon  
12/5/2023Jason LublinCFOSell20,832$24.30$506,217.6055,705View SEC Filing Icon  
11/13/2023Jason LublinCFOSell52,080$24.48$1,274,918.4055,705View SEC Filing Icon  
9/19/2023Jason LublinCFOSell10,416$22.31$232,380.9655,705View SEC Filing Icon  
8/28/2023Ariel EmanuelCEOSell236,487$24.09$5,696,971.83279,597View SEC Filing Icon  
8/28/2023Jason LublinCFOSell5,821$24.13$140,460.7355,705View SEC Filing Icon  
8/28/2023Mark S. ShapiroInsiderSell3,060$24.13$73,837.803,035View SEC Filing Icon  
8/28/2023Patrick WhitesellChairmanSell56,797$24.13$1,370,511.6172,797View SEC Filing Icon  
8/24/2023Ariel EmanuelCEOSell150,000$24.08$3,612,000.00204,450View SEC Filing Icon  
8/21/2023Jason LublinCFOSell20,848$24.40$508,691.2049,496View SEC Filing Icon  
8/16/2023Mark S. ShapiroinsiderSell229,032$24.66$5,647,929.12View SEC Filing Icon  
6/12/2023Ariel EmanuelCEOSell154,495$22.28$3,442,148.60204,450View SEC Filing Icon  
5/4/2023Ariel EmanuelCEOSell300,000$24.66$7,398,000.002,098,137View SEC Filing Icon  
5/4/2023Jason LublinCFOSell26,180$25.26$661,306.8049,596View SEC Filing Icon  
5/4/2023Seth D. KraussInsiderSell3,600$25.25$90,900.0042,117View SEC Filing Icon  
5/4/2023William K. FullertonCAOSell6,300$25.24$159,012.0073,387View SEC Filing Icon  
2/23/2023Jason LublinCFOSell12,562$22.20$278,876.4023,693View SEC Filing Icon  
2/23/2023Mark S. ShapiroPresidentSell15,995$22.21$355,248.9528,317View SEC Filing Icon  
2/23/2023Seth D. KraussInsiderSell4,369$22.23$97,122.8738,773View SEC Filing Icon  
1/3/2023Seth D. KraussInsiderSell2,452$21.84$53,551.6831,057View SEC Filing Icon  
1/3/2023William K. FullertonCAOSell13,853$21.62$299,501.8667,535View SEC Filing Icon  
12/1/2022Mark S. ShapiroPresidentSell435,000$22.14$9,630,900.00View SEC Filing Icon  
11/21/2022Mark S. ShapiroPresidentSell3,005$21.58$64,847.9047,734View SEC Filing Icon  
11/18/2022Mark S. ShapiroPresidentSell110,000$21.71$2,388,100.0050,739View SEC Filing Icon  
11/15/2022Jason LublinCFOSell46,510$22.23$1,033,917.30View SEC Filing Icon  
9/15/2022Christian MuirheadInsiderSell19,502$25.19$491,255.383,231View SEC Filing Icon  
9/14/2022Jason LublinCFOSell29,725$25.12$746,692.0046,510View SEC Filing Icon  
9/12/2022Jason LublinCFOSell56,525$25.52$1,442,518.0046,510View SEC Filing Icon  
8/15/2022Christian MuirheadInsiderSell19,502$24.04$468,828.084,308View SEC Filing Icon  
8/4/2022Christian MuirheadInsiderSell19,109$24.00$458,616.006,027View SEC Filing Icon  
6/13/2022Ariel EmanuelCEOSell92,785$20.25$1,878,896.251,446,748View SEC Filing Icon  
6/10/2022Ariel EmanuelCEOSell66,000$21.40$1,412,400.001,539,533View SEC Filing Icon  
5/5/2022Ariel EmanuelCEOSell391,989$19.62$7,690,824.181,768,764View SEC Filing Icon  
5/5/2022Jason LublinCFOSell30,840$19.25$593,670.0046,510View SEC Filing Icon  
5/5/2022Mark S. ShapiroPresidentSell83,918$19.42$1,629,687.56160,739View SEC Filing Icon  
5/5/2022Seth D. KraussInsiderSell4,284$19.08$81,738.7228,880View SEC Filing Icon  
5/5/2022William K. FullertonCAOSell7,479$19.09$142,774.1155,470View SEC Filing Icon  
1/10/2022Christian MuirheadInsiderSell9,900$33.47$331,353.00View SEC Filing Icon  
1/10/2022William K. FullertonCAOSell22,600$33.39$754,614.00View SEC Filing Icon  
11/1/2021Ariel EmanuelCEOSell271,850$26.29$7,146,936.50View SEC Filing Icon  
10/29/2021Ariel EmanuelCEOSell400,000$26.64$10,656,000.00View SEC Filing Icon  
6/3/2021Jason LublinCFOSell26,817$29.12$780,911.0425,266View SEC Filing Icon  
6/3/2021Mark S. ShapiroPresidentSell70,105$29.00$2,033,045.0068,784View SEC Filing Icon  
6/3/2021Seth D. KraussInsiderSell3,484$29.11$101,419.243,438View SEC Filing Icon  
6/3/2021William K. FullertonCAOSell33,246$29.00$964,134.0032,801View SEC Filing Icon  
See Full Table

SEC Filings (Institutional Ownership Changes) for Endeavor Group (NYSE:EDR)

71.37% of Endeavor Group stock is owned by institutions. Institutional ownership can be a sign of analyst confidence in the fundamentals of the stock.

Institutional Buying and Selling by Quarter

This chart shows the instiutional buying and selling at EDR by year and by quarter.

Skip Institutional Buying and Selling Chart and Table DataRead Chart Data in Institutional Trading History Table

Endeavor Group Institutional Trading History

Reporting DateHedge FundShares HeldMarket Value% of PortfolioQuarterly Change in SharesOwnership in CompanyDetails
4/19/2024Sumitomo Mitsui Trust Holdings Inc.12,606$0.32M0.0%-3.0%0.002%Search for SEC Filing on Google Icon
4/18/2024Mirador Capital Partners LP22,125$0.57M0.1%+9.6%0.003%Search for SEC Filing on Google Icon
4/16/2024Harbour Capital Advisors LLC10,350$0.27M0.1%N/A0.001%Search for SEC Filing on Google Icon
4/12/2024Steph & Co.11,066$0.29M0.1%-8.2%0.002%Search for SEC Filing on Google Icon
4/9/2024Renaissance Capital LLC103,926$2.67M1.4%+3.0%0.015%Search for SEC Filing on Google Icon
3/29/2024Kapitalo Investimentos Ltda13,135$0.31M0.1%+193.7%0.002%Search for SEC Filing on Google Icon
3/22/2024PNC Financial Services Group Inc.3,200$76K0.0%+14.2%0.000%Search for SEC Filing on Google Icon
3/11/2024Vanguard Group Inc.13,464,193$319.51M0.0%-8.1%1.944%Search for SEC Filing on Google Icon
3/5/2024Mubadala Investment Co PJSC2,232,747$52.98M0.2%N/A0.322%Search for SEC Filing on Google Icon
3/5/2024Wellington Management Group LLP37,266$0.88M0.0%N/A0.005%Search for SEC Filing on Google Icon
2/16/2024Price T Rowe Associates Inc. MD3,143,939$74.61M0.0%-24.1%0.453%Search for SEC Filing on Google Icon
2/15/2024Mercer Global Advisors Inc. ADV10,565$0.25M0.0%N/A0.002%Search for SEC Filing on Google Icon
2/15/2024Legal & General Group Plc154,177$3.66M0.0%+16.4%0.022%Search for SEC Filing on Google Icon
2/15/2024Barclays PLC61,335$1.46M0.0%-46.7%0.009%Search for SEC Filing on Google Icon
2/15/2024Ilmarinen Mutual Pension Insurance Co325,000$7.71M0.1%-18.8%0.047%Search for SEC Filing on Google Icon
2/15/2024Atlas Capital Advisors LLC2,196$52K0.0%N/A0.000%Search for SEC Filing on Google Icon
2/15/2024Vanguard Group Inc.13,464,193$319.51M0.0%-8.1%1.940%Search for SEC Filing on Google Icon
2/15/2024Price T Rowe Associates Inc. MD3,143,939$74.61M0.0%-24.1%0.453%Search for SEC Filing on Google Icon
2/15/2024Gilder Gagnon Howe & Co. LLC2,238,413$53.12M0.7%-1.4%0.323%Search for SEC Filing on Google Icon
2/15/2024Healthcare of Ontario Pension Plan Trust Fund1,000,000$23.73M0.1%+828.5%0.144%Search for SEC Filing on Google Icon
2/15/2024Comerica Bank15,697$0.37M0.0%+25.4%0.002%Search for SEC Filing on Google Icon
2/14/2024ADAR1 Capital Management LLC2,500$59K0.0%N/A0.000%Search for SEC Filing on Google Icon
2/14/2024Twin Securities Inc.376,468$8.93M9.4%N/A0.054%Search for SEC Filing on Google Icon
2/14/2024Cubist Systematic Strategies LLC179,067$4.25M0.0%N/A0.026%Search for SEC Filing on Google Icon
2/14/2024Redwood Investment Management LLC26,531$0.63M0.1%N/A0.004%Search for SEC Filing on Google Icon
2/14/2024Caxton Associates LP100,000$2.37M0.1%N/A0.014%Search for SEC Filing on Google Icon
2/14/2024Owl Creek Asset Management L.P.944,763$22.42M1.7%N/A0.136%Search for SEC Filing on Google Icon
2/14/2024Tabor Asset Management LP178,881$4.25M2.0%-39.9%0.026%Search for SEC Filing on Google Icon
2/13/2024Envestnet Asset Management Inc.68,971$1.64M0.0%+17.1%0.010%Search for SEC Filing on Google Icon
2/13/2024Northern Trust Corp482,980$11.46M0.0%+10.8%0.070%Search for SEC Filing on Google Icon
2/13/2024GABELLI & Co INVESTMENT ADVISERS INC.29,300$0.70M0.1%N/A0.004%Search for SEC Filing on Google Icon
2/13/2024Gabelli Funds LLC31,949$0.76M0.0%N/A0.005%Search for SEC Filing on Google Icon
2/13/2024Public Employees Retirement Association of Colorado21,171$0.50M0.0%N/A0.003%Search for SEC Filing on Google Icon
2/13/2024Tower Research Capital LLC TRC 1,882$45K0.0%-60.4%0.000%Search for SEC Filing on Google Icon
2/13/2024First Trust Advisors LP102,603$2.44M0.0%-23.0%0.015%Search for SEC Filing on Google Icon
2/13/2024Kodai Capital Management LP1,012,926$24.04M0.5%N/A0.146%Search for SEC Filing on Google Icon
2/13/2024The Manufacturers Life Insurance Company 33,817$0.80M0.0%-1.5%0.005%Search for SEC Filing on Google Icon
2/13/2024KBC Group NV2,929$70K0.0%N/A0.000%Search for SEC Filing on Google Icon
2/13/2024California State Teachers Retirement System149,173$3.54M0.0%+2.3%0.021%Search for SEC Filing on Google Icon
2/12/2024Alberta Investment Management Corp9,457$0.22M0.0%-96.2%0.001%Search for SEC Filing on Google Icon
2/12/2024DLD Asset Management LP22,000$0.52M0.1%N/A0.003%Search for SEC Filing on Google Icon
2/12/2024Bank of Nova Scotia16,035$0.38M0.0%N/A0.002%Search for SEC Filing on Google Icon
2/12/2024Stifel Financial Corp36,663$0.87M0.0%+3.7%0.005%Search for SEC Filing on Google Icon
2/12/2024TD Asset Management Inc226,228$5.37M0.0%-58.6%0.033%Search for SEC Filing on Google Icon
2/9/2024Quest Partners LLC7,443$0.18M0.0%N/A0.001%Search for SEC Filing on Google Icon
2/9/2024Clearbridge Investments LLC4,527,575$107.44M0.1%+5.3%0.652%Search for SEC Filing on Google Icon
2/8/2024Cowen AND Company LLC250,000$5.93M1.3%N/A0.036%Search for SEC Filing on Google Icon
2/8/2024Nikko Asset Management Americas Inc.13,001$0.31M0.0%-49.9%0.002%Search for SEC Filing on Google Icon
2/8/2024Pertento Partners LLP983,689$23.34M3.9%-9.3%0.142%Search for SEC Filing on Google Icon
2/7/2024Dimensional Fund Advisors LP809,111$19.20M0.0%-0.1%0.117%Search for SEC Filing on Google Icon
2/7/2024Qsemble Capital Management LP11,254$0.27M0.1%N/A0.002%Search for SEC Filing on Google Icon
2/7/2024AGF Management Ltd.114,524$2.72M0.0%N/A0.017%Search for SEC Filing on Google Icon
2/7/2024Teacher Retirement System of Texas44,487$1.06M0.0%-4.2%0.006%Search for SEC Filing on Google Icon
2/6/2024Charles Schwab Investment Management Inc.1,614,096$38.30M0.0%+0.9%0.233%Search for SEC Filing on Google Icon
2/6/2024National Bank of Canada FI1,000,635$23.35M0.0%N/A0.144%Search for SEC Filing on Google Icon
2/6/2024Levin Capital Strategies L.P.20,000$0.48M0.1%N/A0.003%Search for SEC Filing on Google Icon
2/6/2024Natixis Advisors L.P.837,210$19.87M0.1%+16.8%0.121%Search for SEC Filing on Google Icon
2/6/2024Swiss National Bank329,200$7.81M0.0%-9.2%0.047%Search for SEC Filing on Google Icon
2/5/2024Victory Capital Management Inc.126,071$2.99M0.0%-62.8%0.018%Search for SEC Filing on Google Icon
2/5/2024Intellectus Partners LLC40,206$0.95M0.3%-31.6%0.006%Search for SEC Filing on Google Icon
2/5/2024Russell Investments Group Ltd.258,599$6.14M0.0%-2.5%0.037%Search for SEC Filing on Google Icon
2/1/2024Handelsbanken Fonder AB16,600$0.39M0.0%-51.3%0.002%Search for SEC Filing on Google Icon
2/1/2024Lindbrook Capital LLC1,540$37K0.0%+200.2%0.000%Search for SEC Filing on Google Icon
1/31/2024River Road Asset Management LLC147,345$3.50M0.0%-2.5%0.021%Search for SEC Filing on Google Icon
1/30/2024Zurcher Kantonalbank Zurich Cantonalbank 30,864$0.73M0.0%-6.7%0.004%Search for SEC Filing on Google Icon
1/30/2024Sumitomo Mitsui Trust Holdings Inc.13,001$0.31M0.0%-49.9%0.002%Search for SEC Filing on Google Icon
1/29/2024NewEdge Wealth LLC752,508$17.86M0.5%+7.9%0.108%Search for SEC Filing on Google Icon
1/26/2024Cerity Partners LLC11,832$0.28M0.0%+5.2%0.002%Search for SEC Filing on Google Icon
1/25/2024Zenyatta Capital Management LP65,000$1.54M0.6%-83.8%0.009%Search for SEC Filing on Google Icon
1/23/2024Solstein Capital LLC22,496$0.53M0.4%-56.4%0.003%Search for SEC Filing on Google Icon
1/19/2024Mirador Capital Partners LP20,184$0.48M0.1%+3.8%0.003%Search for SEC Filing on Google Icon
1/16/2024Raymond James & Associates106,552$2.53M0.0%+9.2%0.015%Search for SEC Filing on Google Icon
1/5/2024Renaissance Capital LLC100,907$2.40M1.2%+26.5%0.015%Search for SEC Filing on Google Icon
1/5/2024Exchange Traded Concepts LLC15,213$0.36M0.0%+41.1%0.002%Search for SEC Filing on Google Icon
12/18/2023Vanguard Group Inc.14,651,192$291.56M0.0%+1.8%2.111%Search for SEC Filing on Google Icon
12/7/2023Hudson Bay Capital Management LP375,688$7.48M0.1%+7.3%0.054%Search for SEC Filing on Google Icon
12/6/2023Citigroup Inc.24,884$0.50M0.0%+173.1%0.004%Search for SEC Filing on Google Icon
11/24/2023Deutsche Bank AG6,503$0.13M0.0%-99.1%0.001%Search for SEC Filing on Google Icon
11/22/2023Graham Capital Management L.P.15,868$0.32M0.0%-80.5%0.002%Search for SEC Filing on Google Icon
11/21/2023Comerica Bank12,521$0.25M0.0%N/A0.002%Search for SEC Filing on Google Icon
11/16/2023Tudor Investment Corp Et Al351,732$7M0.1%-35.3%0.050%Search for SEC Filing on Google Icon
11/16/2023Morgan Stanley12,278,380$244.34M0.0%+3.8%1.742%Search for SEC Filing on Google Icon
11/15/2023Toroso Investments LLC31,672$0.63M0.0%N/A0.004%Search for SEC Filing on Google Icon
11/15/2023The Manufacturers Life Insurance Company 34,330$0.68M0.0%+286.8%0.005%Search for SEC Filing on Google Icon
11/15/2023Royal Bank of Canada39,222$0.78M0.0%+45.5%0.006%Search for SEC Filing on Google Icon
11/15/2023Sandler Capital Management15,000$0.30M0.0%N/A0.002%Search for SEC Filing on Google Icon
11/15/2023Schroder Investment Management Group609,963$12.14M0.0%-2.7%0.087%Search for SEC Filing on Google Icon
11/15/2023Sei Investments Co.203,766$4.06M0.0%-23.4%0.029%Search for SEC Filing on Google Icon
11/15/2023Legal & General Group Plc132,482$2.64M0.0%+7.3%0.019%Search for SEC Filing on Google Icon
11/15/2023Ameriprise Financial Inc.11,249,598$223.87M0.1%-12.5%1.596%Search for SEC Filing on Google Icon
11/15/2023Alberta Investment Management Corp247,250$4.92M0.1%+5.4%0.035%Search for SEC Filing on Google Icon
11/15/2023III Capital Management142,466$2.84M0.1%+50.0%0.020%Search for SEC Filing on Google Icon
11/15/2023AQR Capital Management LLC16,203$0.32M0.0%N/A0.002%Search for SEC Filing on Google Icon
11/15/2023Stansberry Asset Management LLC145,564$2.90M0.5%+17.9%0.021%Search for SEC Filing on Google Icon
11/14/2023Bwcp LP597,947$11.90M4.3%+131.7%0.085%Search for SEC Filing on Google Icon
11/14/2023Gotham Asset Management LLC39,525$0.79M0.0%N/A0.006%Search for SEC Filing on Google Icon
11/14/2023California State Teachers Retirement System145,851$2.90M0.0%+3.4%0.021%Search for SEC Filing on Google Icon
11/14/2023Dendur Capital LP3,612,000$71.88M9.1%+6.6%0.512%Search for SEC Filing on Google Icon
11/14/2023Tower Research Capital LLC TRC 4,756$95K0.0%N/A0.001%Search for SEC Filing on Google Icon
11/14/2023Qube Research & Technologies Ltd147,613$2.94M0.0%N/A0.021%Search for SEC Filing on Google Icon
Data available starting January 2016

See Full Table
Endeavor Group logo
Endeavor Group Holdings, Inc. operates as a sports and entertainment company in the United States, the United Kingdom, and internationally. It operates through four segments: Owned Sports Properties; Events, Experiences & Rights; Representation; and Sports Data & Technology. The Owned Sports Properties segment operates a portfolio of sports properties, including Ultimate Fighting Championship, World Wrestling Entertainment, Inc., Professional Bull Rider, and Euroleague. The Events, Experiences & Rights segment provides services to live events, including sporting events, fashion, art fairs and music, culinary, lifestyle festivals, and major attractions. This segment also distributes sports programming; and operates events on behalf of third parties. The Representation segment offers services to talent across entertainment, sports, and fashion, such as actors, directors, writers, athletes, models, musicians, and other artists in various mediums. This segment provides brand strategy, marketing, advertising, public relations, analytics, digital, activation, and experiential services to corporate and other clients; intellectual property licensing services to a portfolio of entertainment, sports, and consumer product brands, including clients' licensing logos, trade names, and trademarks representation. The Sports Data & Technology segment delivers live streaming and data feeds for sports events to sportsbooks, rightsholders, and media partners, as well as on-demand virtual sports products and front-end solutions, including the UFC Event Centre. This segment also specializes in betting engine products, services and technology, and bet processing, as well as trading, pricing, and risk management tools; player account and wallet solutions; front-end user experiences and user interfaces; and content offerings, such as BetBuilder, DonBest pricing feeds, and a sports content aggregation platform. The company was founded in 1898 and is based in Beverly Hills, California.
Read More on Endeavor Group

Today's Range

Now: $26.50
Low: $26.34
High: $26.50

50 Day Range

MA: $25.14
Low: $23.31
High: $26.57

52 Week Range

Now: $26.50
Low: $17.65
High: $26.63

Volume

1,460,814 shs

Average Volume

8,436,342 shs

Market Capitalization

$18.35 billion

P/E Ratio

25.48

Dividend Yield

0.91%

Beta

0.82

Who are the company insiders with the largest holdings of Endeavor Group?

Endeavor Group's top insider shareholders include:
  1. Ariel Emanuel (CEO)
  2. Patrick Whitesell (Major Shareholder)
  3. Mark S Shapiro (President)
  4. Jason Lublin (CFO)
  5. William K Fullerton (CAO)
  6. Mark S Shapiro (Insider)
  7. Patrick Whitesell (Chairman)
  8. Seth D Krauss (CAO)
  9. Seth D Krauss (Insider)
  10. Christian Muirhead (Insider)
  11. Mark S Shapiro (Insider)
  12. Mark S Shapiro (President)
Learn More about top insider investors at Endeavor Group.

Who are the major institutional investors of Endeavor Group?

Endeavor Group's top institutional investors include:
  1. Renaissance Capital LLC — 0.02%
  2. Mirador Capital Partners LP — 0.00%
  3. Sumitomo Mitsui Trust Holdings Inc. — 0.00%
  4. Steph & Co. — 0.00%
  5. Harbour Capital Advisors LLC — 0.00%
Learn More about top institutional investors of Endeavor Group stock.

Which institutional investors are selling Endeavor Group stock?

In the previous quarter, EDR stock was sold by these institutional investors:
  1. Steph & Co.
  2. Sumitomo Mitsui Trust Holdings Inc.
In the last year, company insiders that have sold Endeavor Group company stock include:
  1. Ariel Emanuel (CEO)
  2. Patrick Whitesell (Major Shareholder)
  3. Mark S Shapiro (President)
  4. Jason Lublin (CFO)
  5. William K Fullerton (CAO)
  6. Mark S Shapiro (Insider)
  7. Patrick Whitesell (Chairman)
  8. Seth D Krauss (CAO)
Learn More investors selling Endeavor Group stock.

Which institutional investors are buying Endeavor Group stock?

In the previous quarter, EDR stock was bought by institutional investors including:
  1. Harbour Capital Advisors LLC
  2. Renaissance Capital LLC
  3. Mirador Capital Partners LP